It is already established that Schizophrenia is a mental illness and that it is a complex type of mental illness that do not have clear-cut causes. What about the symptoms? What are the things that are visible in or the behavioral tendencies of someone diagnosed to be suffering from Schizophrenia. That is our focus of discussion in this article. So let’s start.
The symptoms of the ailment, Schizophrenia, are one that is broadly classified into two categories, namely, positive and negative symptoms.
Positive Symptoms Of Schizophrenia
The positive symptoms of Schizophrenia are those symptoms that are seen as those that are more visibly psychotic than others. The positive symptoms include:
Delusions. This is defined as a belief that does not have a basis in reality. It is a situation whereby someone is making himself or herself to believe in something that is not true.
Hallucinations. This situation is one which makes a person suffering from Schizophrenia to be seeing, feeling, tasting, hearing and smelling things that does not have a connection with real situations.
Disorganization in speech. The speech of the patient is not coordinated.
Disorganization in behaviors. Such a person behaves in an uncoordinated manner.
Catatonic behaviors. This is a form of behavior that is characterized by tightness in the muscles or a lack of response to the environment.
Let us now get knowledge of what the negative symptoms are.
Negative Symptoms Of Schizophrenia
A person is said to display the negative symptoms of Schizophrenia if such a person shows symptoms like:
Lack of speech
Lack of motivation
Reticence of facial expression.
Now we have known the symptoms that are visible in persons suffering from Schizophrenia, how then will a doctor diagnose Schizophrenia in a victim?
Diagnosis Of Schizophrenia
Before a doctor will conclude his diagnosis and accept that his patient has Schizophrenia, he would not have carried out just a single test. This is the case with most mental sicknesses. The conclusion is arrived at when the doctor had compiled detailed information on the patient’s medical, family and mental health history.
The information gathering is more beneficial to a patient whose doctor had taken the pain to dig deep into the whole medical history of the patient and when the doctor had gotten good knowledge about the patient’s background. Issues like the patient’s socioeconomic status, ethnic or religious background, sexual orientation, cultural beliefs and gender are among the areas where the doctor needs to get informed about so as to effectively help his patient.
Apart from gathering information like we have mentioned, the doctor will be carrying out various laboratory tests as well in the diagnosis. This will help the doctor to know whether his patient has any form of medical condition that might have caused the patient a psychological stress. Also, making inquiries about the patient’s mental health will help the doctor establish if this patient of his has problems of hallucinations, depression, substance abuse and all other symptoms relating to Schizophrenia.